The Wrist and The Hand
Eight small bones, known as the carpals, make up the wrist. These bones support the carpal tunnel, which runs through the wrist and contains tendons and a nerve inside of it. The carpal tunnel is covered by a ligament that holds it in place.
Wrist pain is common and is often caused by repetitive motion that can damage the wrist. Carpal tunnel syndrome can cause pain, or even disrupt or prevent participation in everyday activities like typing, tennis, golf or cooking. Wrist or hand pain with swelling or bruising can be a sign of injury. Misshapen joints and the inability to move the wrist or fingers are some signs of a possible fracture or arthritis.
Common causes of hand or wrist pain are strains and sprains, arthritis, tendonitis, gout and pseudo-gout.
Thumb CMC/basal joint arthritis or arthritis of the hand joints can appear early in life. The constant pivoting and swivelling motions of the basal joint, at the base of the thumb, tend to wear it out easily. While total joint reconstruction surgery may improve the condition for some, new problems in the thumb joint may develop over time, causing recurrent symptoms such as numbness, pain or reduced range of motion.